The skin is a protective organ that shields us from environmental harm and UV rays. Melanocytes, a specialised cell in the skin, produces melanin which is the pigment of the skin, hair and eye. The skin tone is determined by the amount of melanin produced. Sun damage and other trauma to the skin can cause hyperactivity of the melanocytes, causing hyperpigmentation and resulting in darkening of the skin.
The overproduction of melanin or melanocytes can appear diffused over a large area or in localised areas as freckles, sun spots, age spots, melasma, solar lentigines and others. Remember the dark, pigmented scar that remained after you fell on your knees? That’s caused by PIH or post-inflammatory hyerpigmentation which is a response to injury of the skin. Acne, burns, picking at the skin, and even aggressive aesthetic treatments can also contribute to PIH.
Hypopigmentation of the skin, where the melanin is abnormally low, can also be caused by hereditary conditions, atopic dermatitis or psoriasis and previous injury to the skin. IPL burns for example, can cause the skin to lose its pigment over the particular area that was treated.
There are many clinical treatments for treating pigmentation disorders ranging from laser therapies to topical creams. Treatments can reveal vast improvement in just one session, or may require as many as 10 sessions or even more to see results. Pigments can very stubborn and difficult to treat and it depends on the severity and extent of the pigments of each individual. Post-treatment aftercare with daily use of sunscreen and whitening creams is important to maintain the effects of the treatment.
Here at Acclaro, we offer:
- Laser therapy with Medlite C6
- Intense-pulsed light (IPL) therapy with the Sciton BBL
- Chemical peels with kojic acid, glycolic acid and other lightening agents
- Vitamin C Iontophoresis
- Prescription creams such as Triluma
- Skincare with botanical lightening agents, Vitamin C
- Oral supplements such as Crystal Tomato and Heliocare Oral Sunblock